20180930 10Q Q3





UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-Q

 

        QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018



or



        TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 For the transition period from           to



Commission file number: 001-33388



 

CAI International, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)





Delaware

 

94-3109229

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

Steuart Tower, 1 Market Plaza, Suite 900

 

 

San Francisco, California

 

94105

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)



415-788-0100

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)



None

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes      No   

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes      No   

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

  

Smaller reporting company



Emerging growth company



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark of the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes     No   

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Common

 

October 31, 2018

Common Stock, $.0001 par value per share

 

19,306,202 shares







 

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Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

INDEX

 



 

 

   

 

Page No.

Part I — Financial Information

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

   

Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017



Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

   

Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

10 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

23 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

35 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

35 

Part II — Other Information

35 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

35 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

36 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

36 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

36 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

36 

Item 5.

Other Information

36 

Item 6.

Exhibits

37 

Signatures

38 

 

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Table of Contents

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements concerning the conditions in our industry, our operations, our economic performance and financial condition, including, in particular, statements relating to our business, operations, growth strategy and service development efforts. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a “safe harbor” for certain forward-looking statements so long as such information is identified as forward-looking and is accompanied by meaningful cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in the information. When used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the words “may,” “might,” “should,” “estimate,” “project,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “outlook,” “believe” and other similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements and information. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of their dates. These forward-looking statements are based on estimates and assumptions by our management that, although we believe to be reasonable, are inherently uncertain and subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, those in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on February 27, 2018 and our other reports filed with the SEC. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by law. Reference is also made to such risks and uncertainties detailed from time to time in our other filings with the SEC.



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Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share information)

(UNAUDITED)





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

September 30,

 

December 31,



 

2018

 

2017

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

14,550 

 

$

14,735 

Cash held by variable interest entities

 

 

23,779 

 

 

20,685 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,455 and

 

 

 

 

 

 

$1,440 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

83,698 

 

 

68,324 

Current portion of net investment in direct finance leases

 

 

74,637 

 

 

30,063 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

2,600 

 

 

4,258 

Total current assets

 

 

199,264 

 

 

138,065 

Restricted cash

 

 

31,634 

 

 

11,789 

Rental equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $575,866 and

 

 

 

 

 

 

$505,546 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

2,299,955 

 

 

2,004,961 

Net investment in direct finance leases

 

 

444,741 

 

 

246,450 

Goodwill

 

 

15,794 

 

 

15,794 

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $4,946 and

 

 

 

 

 

 

$3,407 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

6,184 

 

 

7,723 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $3,303 and

 

 

 

 

 

 

$3,201 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

619 

 

 

338 

Other non-current assets

 

 

974 

 

 

3,008 

Total assets (1)

 

$

2,999,165 

 

$

2,428,128 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

6,269 

 

$

7,831 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

18,882 

 

 

15,706 

Due to container investors

 

 

993 

 

 

1,845 

Unearned revenue

 

 

8,345 

 

 

7,811 

Current portion of debt

 

 

194,563 

 

 

132,049 

Rental equipment payable

 

 

257,947 

 

 

92,415 

Total current liabilities

 

 

486,999 

 

 

257,657 

Debt

 

 

1,777,420 

 

 

1,570,773 

Deferred income tax liability

 

 

38,277 

 

 

35,853 

Total liabilities (2)

 

 

2,302,696 

 

 

1,864,283 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $.0001 per share; authorized 10,000,000 and 5,000,000 shares at

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively:

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.50% Series A fixed-to-floating rate cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, issued

 

 

 

 

 

 

and outstanding 2,199,610 and 0 shares at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017,

 

 

 

 

 

 

respectively, at liquidation preference

 

 

54,990 

 

 

 -

8.50% Series B fixed-to-floating rate cumulative redeemable perpetual preferred stock, issued

 

 

 

 

 

 

and outstanding 1,955,000 and 0 shares at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017,

 

 

 

 

 

 

respectively, at liquidation preference

 

 

48,875 

 

 

 -

Common stock, par value $.0001 per share; authorized 84,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,306,202 and 20,390,622 shares at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

145,069 

 

 

172,325 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(6,379)

 

 

(6,122)

Retained earnings

 

 

453,912 

 

 

397,640 

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

696,469 

 

 

563,845 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

2,999,165 

 

$

2,428,128 

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(1)

Total assets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 include the following assets of certain variable interest entities (VIEs) that can only be used to settle the liabilities of those VIEs: Cash, $23,779 and $20,685; Net investment in direct finance leases, $9,375 and $4,423; and Rental equipment, net of accumulated depreciation, $73,110, and $61,842, respectively.

(2)

Total liabilities at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 include the following VIE liabilities for which the VIE creditors do not have recourse to CAI International, Inc.: Current portion of debt, $39,302 and $22,549; Debt, $65,717 and $72,727, respectively. 



See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements. 

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Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(In thousands, except per share data)

(UNAUDITED)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,



2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Container lease revenue

$

75,331 

 

$

61,870 

 

$

208,298 

 

$

169,784 

Rail lease revenue

 

8,759 

 

 

7,279 

 

 

26,982 

 

 

23,459 

Logistics revenue

 

31,362 

 

 

21,012 

 

 

81,251 

 

 

61,116 

Total revenue

 

115,452 

 

 

90,161 

 

 

316,531 

 

 

254,359 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation of rental equipment

 

31,272 

 

 

27,788 

 

 

89,521 

 

 

82,814 

Storage, handling and other expenses

 

3,514 

 

 

3,506 

 

 

10,227 

 

 

16,651 

Logistics transportation costs

 

27,541 

 

 

17,855 

 

 

70,536 

 

 

51,608 

Gain on sale of used rental equipment

 

(2,625)

 

 

(1,663)

 

 

(7,539)

 

 

(2,539)

Administrative expenses

 

12,869 

 

 

10,781 

 

 

36,270 

 

 

31,212 

Total operating expenses

 

72,571 

 

 

58,267 

 

 

199,015 

 

 

179,746 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

42,881 

 

 

31,894 

 

 

117,516 

 

 

74,613 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest expense

 

19,783 

 

 

13,959 

 

 

55,122 

 

 

37,916 

Other expense

 

116 

 

 

449 

 

 

510 

 

 

651 

Total other expenses

 

19,899 

 

 

14,408 

 

 

55,632 

 

 

38,567 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

22,982 

 

 

17,486 

 

 

61,884 

 

 

36,046 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

1,228 

 

 

(101)

 

 

2,695 

 

 

549 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

21,754 

 

 

17,587 

 

 

59,189 

 

 

35,497 

Preferred stock dividends

 

1,748 

 

 

 -

 

 

2,917 

 

 

 -

Net income attributable to CAI common stockholders

$

20,006 

 

$

17,587 

 

$

56,272 

 

$

35,497 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per share attributable to CAI common stockholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

1.04 

 

$

0.92 

 

$

2.85 

 

$

1.86 

Diluted

$

1.03 

 

$

0.90 

 

$

2.81 

 

$

1.83 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

19,214 

 

 

19,180 

 

 

19,741 

 

 

19,108 

Diluted

 

19,492 

 

 

19,633 

 

 

19,997 

 

 

19,422 



See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

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CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In thousands)

(UNAUDITED)





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,



 

2018

 

2017

 

2018

 

2017



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

21,754 

 

$

17,587 

 

$

59,189 

 

$

35,497 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

(19)

 

 

698 

 

 

(257)

 

 

1,742 

Comprehensive income before preferred stock dividends

 

 

21,735 

 

 

18,285 

 

 

58,932 

 

 

37,239 

Dividends on preferred stock

 

 

(1,748)

 

 

 -

 

 

(2,917)

 

 

 -

Comprehensive income available to CAI common stockholders

 

$

19,987 

 

$

18,285 

 

$

56,015 

 

$

37,239 



See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(UNAUDITED)





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Nine Months Ended September 30,



 

2018

 

2017

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

59,189 

 

$

35,497 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

89,635 

 

 

83,088 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

 

3,173 

 

 

2,400 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

1,538 

 

 

1,536 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

2,101 

 

 

1,539 

Reduction in contingent consideration

 

 

 -

 

 

(2,211)

Unrealized loss on foreign exchange

 

 

317 

 

 

42 

Gain on sale of used rental equipment

 

 

(7,539)

 

 

(2,539)

Deferred income taxes

 

 

2,424 

 

 

393 

Bad debt (recovery) expense

 

 

(14)

 

 

750 

Changes in other operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(7,305)

 

 

(10,715)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

(2,130)

 

 

(72)

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

(901)

 

 

(5,887)

Due to container investors

 

 

(852)

 

 

(697)

Unearned revenue

 

 

(49)

 

 

(540)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

139,587 

 

 

102,584 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of rental equipment

 

 

(529,230)

 

 

(277,769)

Proceeds from sale of used rental equipment

 

 

44,373 

 

 

48,863 

Purchase of furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

 

(394)

 

 

(91)

Receipt of principal payments from direct finance leases

 

 

26,982 

 

 

14,536 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(458,269)

 

 

(214,461)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from debt

 

 

1,302,912 

 

 

556,544 

Principal payments on debt

 

 

(1,025,954)

 

 

(448,436)

Debt issuance costs

 

 

(9,882)

 

 

(3,129)

Proceeds from issuance of common and preferred stock

 

 

103,681 

 

 

 -

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

(27,946)

 

 

 -

Dividends paid to preferred stockholders

 

 

(1,376)

 

 

 -

Exercise of stock options

 

 

24 

 

 

1,362 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

341,459 

 

 

106,341 

Effect on cash of foreign currency translation

 

 

(23)

 

 

380 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and restricted cash

 

 

22,754 

 

 

(5,156)

Cash and restricted cash at beginning of the period (1)

 

 

47,209 

 

 

52,326 

Cash and restricted cash at end of the period (2)

 

$

69,963 

 

$

47,170 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income taxes

 

$

378 

 

$

174 

Interest

 

 

51,168 

 

 

35,014 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transfer of rental equipment to direct finance lease

 

$

271,938 

 

$

144,907 

Transfer of direct finance lease to rental equipment

 

 

 -

 

 

291 

Rental equipment payable

 

 

257,947 

 

 

190,180 

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(1)

Includes cash of $14,735 and $15,685, cash held by variable interest entities of $20,685 and $30,449, and restricted cash of $11,789 and $6,192 at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

(2)

Includes cash of $14,550 and $12,508, cash held by variable interest entities of $23,779 and $22,445, and restricted cash of $31,634 and $12,217 at September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.



See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.



 

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Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(1)  The Company and Nature of Operations



Organization



CAI International, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (collectively, CAI or the Company), is a transportation finance and logistics company. The Company purchases equipment, primarily intermodal shipping containers and railcars, which it leases to its customers. The Company also manages equipment for third-party investors. In operating its fleet, the Company leases, re-leases and disposes of equipment and contracts for the repair, repositioning and storage of equipment. The Company also provides domestic and international logistics services.



The Company’s common stock, 8.50% Series A Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Stock and 8.50% Series B Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Stock are traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbols “CAI,” “CAI-PA” and “CAI-PB,” respectively. The Company’s corporate headquarters are located in San Francisco, California.



Basis of Presentation



The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of CAI International, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.



In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all normal, recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company’s results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and the Company’s cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. The results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations or cash flows which may be reported for the remainder of 2018 or in any future period. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) have been condensed or omitted. The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on February 27, 2018.

 

(2)  Accounting Policies and Recent Accounting Pronouncements



(a)  Recent Accounting Pronouncements



In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (ASU 2014-09), which supersedes previous revenue recognition guidance. Leasing revenue recognition is specifically excluded, and therefore, the new standard is only applicable to the Company’s logistics services agreements, management services agreements, and the sale of used rental equipment. The new standard defines a five-step process to achieve the core principle of ASU 2014-09, which is to recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 effective January 1, 2018, which did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. See Note 2(b) for further details.



In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (ASU 2016-15), which clarifies the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments in the statement of cash flows, including debt prepayment or extinguishment costs, settlement of contingent consideration arising from a business combination and insurance settlement proceeds. The Company adopted ASU 2016-15 effective January 1, 2018, which did not result in any changes to the presentation of amounts shown on the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows for all periods presented.



In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (ASU 2016-18), that requires the inclusion of restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The Company adopted ASU 2016-18 effective January 1, 2018, which resulted in the inclusion of the Company’s restricted cash balances along with cash in the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows and separate line items showing changes in restricted cash balances were eliminated from the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows. ASU 2016-18 was applied retrospectively to all periods presented.



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CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

Except as described above, there were no changes to the Company’s accounting policies during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. See Note 2 to the audited consolidated financial statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2018, for a description of the Company’s significant accounting policies.



(b)  Revenue Recognition



The Company provides a range of services to its customers incorporating the rental, sale and management of equipment and the provision of logistics services. Revenue for all forms of service is recognized when earned following the guidelines under FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 606, Revenue Recognition and FASB ASC Topic 840, Leases. Revenue is reported net of any related sales tax.



Container and Rail Lease Revenue



The Company recognizes revenue from operating leases of its owned equipment as earned over the term of the lease. Where minimum lease payments vary over the lease term, revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. The Company recognizes revenue on a cash basis for certain railcar leases that are billed on an hourly or mileage basis through a third-party railcar manager. Early termination of the rental contracts subjects the lessee to a penalty, which is included in lease revenue upon such termination. Finance lease income is recognized using the effective interest method, which generates a constant rate of interest over the period of the lease.



Included in lease revenue is revenue consisting primarily of fees charged to the lessee for handling, delivery, and repairs, which are recognized as earned.



Also included in lease revenue is revenue from management fees earned under equipment management agreements. Management fees are generally calculated as a percentage of the monthly net operating income for an investor’s portfolio and recognized as revenue in the month of service.



Logistics Revenue



The Company’s logistics business derives its revenue from three principal sources: (1) truck brokerage services, (2) intermodal transportation services, and (3) international ocean freight and freight forwarding services. For truck brokerage services, which typically involve a short transit time, revenue is recognized when delivery has been completed due to the lack of reliable information to reasonably measure progress toward complete satisfaction of the performance obligation. For intermodal transportation services, which can take a longer time to complete, revenue is recognized over time by measuring progress toward complete satisfaction of the performance obligation, utilizing input methods. For any such services not completed as of the end of a reporting period, a percentage of completion method based on costs incurred to date is used to allocate the appropriate revenue to each separate reporting period. The Company provides international freight forwarding services as an indirect carrier, sometimes referred to as a Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier. Due to the lack of reliable information to reasonably measure progress toward complete satisfaction of the performance obligation, revenue for these shipments is recognized at the time the freight departs the terminal of origin, which is when the customer is billed and the Company has no further obligation to the customer.



The Company reports logistics revenue on a gross basis as it is primarily responsible for fulfilling the promise to provide the specified service desired by the customer and has discretion in establishing the price for the specified service.



Unearned Revenue



The Company records unearned revenue when cash payments are received in advance of the Company satisfying its performance obligations.



Payment terms vary by customer and type of service. The term between invoicing and when payment is due is not significant. For certain customers or services, the Company may require payment before the services are delivered or performed for the customer.



Practical Expedients



The Company expenses sales commissions when incurred because the period of amortization would have been one year or less. These costs are recorded within administrative expenses.



11


 

Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less and (ii) contracts with variable consideration for a distinct good or service that forms part of a single performance obligation.

 

(3)  Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities



The Company regularly performs a review of its container fund arrangements with investors to determine whether or not it has a variable interest in the fund and if the fund is a variable interest entity (VIE). If it is determined that the Company does not have a variable interest in the fund, further analysis is not required and the Company does not consolidate the fund. If it is determined that the Company does have a variable interest in the fund and the fund is a VIE, a further analysis is performed to determine if the Company is a primary beneficiary of the VIE and meets both of the following criteria under FASB ASC Topic 810, Consolidation:

·

it has power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance; and

·

it has the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could be potentially significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.



If in the Company’s judgment both of the above criteria are met, the VIE’s financial statements are included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as required under FASB ASC Topic 810, Consolidation.  



The Company currently enters into two types of container fund arrangements with investors which are reviewed under FASB ASC Topic 810, Consolidation. These arrangements include container funds that the Company manages for investors and container funds that have entered into financing arrangements with investors. All of the funds under financing arrangements are Japanese container funds that were established under separate investment agreements allowed under Japanese commercial laws. Each of the funds is financed by unrelated Japanese third-party investors.



Managed Container Funds



The fees earned by the Company for arranging, managing and establishing container funds are commensurate with the level of effort required to provide those services, and are at or above the same level of seniority as other operating liabilities of the funds that are incurred in the normal course of business. As such, the Company does not have a variable interest in the managed containers funds and does not consolidate those funds. No container portfolios were sold to the funds during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.



Collateralized Financing Obligations



The Company has transferred containers to Japanese investor funds while concurrently entering into lease agreements for the same containers, under which the Company leases the containers back from the Japanese investors. In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 840-40, Sale-Leaseback Transactions, the Company concluded these were financing transactions under which sale-leaseback accounting was not applicable.



The terms of the transactions with container funds under financing arrangements include options for the Company to purchase the containers from the funds at a fixed price. As a result of the residual interest resulting from the fixed price call option, the Company concluded that it may absorb a significant amount of the variability associated with the funds’ anticipated economic performance and, as a result, the Company has a variable interest in the funds. The funds are considered VIEs under FASB ASC Topic 810, Consolidation, because, as lessee of the funds, the Company has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact each entity’s economic performance, including the leasing and managing of containers owned by the funds. As the Company has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIEs and the variable interest provides the Company with the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the funds, the Company determined that it is the primary beneficiary of these VIEs and included the VIEs’ assets and liabilities as of September 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, and the results of the VIEs’ operations and cash flows for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.



12


 

Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

The containers that were transferred to the Japanese investor funds had a net book value of $82.5 million as of September 30, 2018. The container equipment, together with $23.8 million of cash held by the investor funds that can only be used to settle the liabilities of the VIEs, has been included on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets with the related liability presented in the debt section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as collateralized financing obligations of $103.1 million and term loans held by VIE of $1.9 million. No gain or loss was recognized by the Company on the initial consolidation of the VIEs. Containers sold to the Japanese investor funds during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, had a net book value of $14.6 million and $6.0 million, respectively. Containers sold to the Japanese investor funds during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, had a net book value of $29.8 million and $13.2 million, respectively.

 

(4)  Rental Equipment



The following table provides a summary of the Company’s rental equipment (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

September 30,

 

December 31,



 

2018

 

2017

Dry containers

 

$

1,820,977 

 

$

1,533,063 

Refrigerated containers

 

 

342,915 

 

 

345,744 

Other specialized equipment

 

 

207,563 

 

 

160,529 

Railcars

 

 

504,366 

 

 

471,171 



 

 

2,875,821 

 

 

2,510,507 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(575,866)

 

 

(505,546)

Rental equipment, net of accumulated depreciation

 

$

2,299,955 

 

$

2,004,961 

 

(5)  Net Investment in Direct Finance Leases 



The following table represents the components of the Company’s net investment in direct finance leases (in thousands):

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

September 30,

 

December 31,



 

2018

 

2017

Gross finance lease receivables (1)

 

$

757,087 

 

$

412,489 

Unearned income (2)

 

 

(237,709)

 

 

(135,976)

Net investment in direct finance leases

 

$

519,378 

 

$

276,513 



(1)

At the inception of the lease, the Company records the total minimum lease payments, executory costs, if any, and unguaranteed residual value as gross finance lease receivables. The gross finance lease receivables are reduced as customer payments are received. There was $64.8 million and $34.4 million unguaranteed residual value at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, included in gross finance lease receivables. There were no executory costs included in gross finance lease receivables as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

(2)

The difference between the gross finance lease receivables and the cost of the equipment or carrying amount at the lease inception is recorded as unearned income. Unearned income, together with initial direct costs, are amortized to income over the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of return. There were no unamortized initial direct costs as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.



In order to estimate the allowance for losses contained in gross finance lease receivables, the Company reviews the credit worthiness of its customers on an ongoing basis. The review includes monitoring credit quality indicators, the aging of customer receivables and general economic conditions.



The categories of gross finance lease receivables based on the Company's internal customer credit ratings can be described as follows:



Tier 1— These customers are typically large international shipping lines that have been in business for many years and have world-class operating capabilities and significant financial resources. In most cases, the Company has had a long commercial relationship with these customers and currently maintains regular communication with them at several levels of management, which provides the Company with insight into the customer's current operating and financial performance. In the Company's view, these customers have the greatest ability to withstand cyclical down turns and would likely have greater access to needed capital than lower-rated customers. The Company views the risk of default for Tier 1 customers to range from minimal to moderate.





13


 

Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

Tier 2— These customers are typically either smaller shipping lines or freight forwarders with less operating scale or with a high degree of financial leverage, and accordingly the Company views these customers as subject to higher volatility in financial performance over the business cycle. The Company generally expects these customers to have less access to capital markets or other sources of financing during cyclical down turns. The Company views the risk of default for Tier 2 customers as moderate.



Tier 3— Customers in this category exhibit volatility in payments on a regular basis.



Based on the above categories, the Company's gross finance lease receivables were as follows (in thousands):

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

September 30,

 

December 31,



 

2018

 

2017

Tier 1

 

$

645,856 

 

$

366,629 

Tier 2

 

 

111,231 

 

 

45,860 

Tier 3

 

 

 -

 

 

 -



 

$

757,087 

 

$

412,489 



Contractual maturities of the Company's gross finance lease receivables subsequent to September 30, 2018 for the years ending September 30 are as follows (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

$

114,346 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

97,319 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

77,996 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

70,787 

2023

 

 

 

 

 

68,946 

2024 and thereafter

 

 

 

 

 

327,693 



 

 

 

 

$

757,087 

 

(6)  Intangible Assets



The Company amortizes intangible assets on a straight line-basis over their estimated useful lives as follows:





 

Trademarks and tradenames

                 2-3 years

Customer relationships

5-8 years



The Company’s intangible assets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were as follows (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

Gross Carrying Amount

 

Accumulated Amortization

 

Net Carrying Amount

September 30, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trademarks and tradenames

 

 

 

 

$

1,786 

 

$

(1,739)

 

$

47 

Customer relationships

 

 

 

 

 

9,344 

 

 

(3,207)

 

 

6,137 



 

 

 

 

$

11,130 

 

$

(4,946)

 

$

6,184 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trademarks and tradenames

 

 

 

 

$

1,786 

 

$

(1,411)

 

$

375 

Customer relationships

 

 

 

 

 

9,344 

 

 

(1,996)

 

 

7,348 



 

 

 

 

$

11,130 

 

$

(3,407)

 

$

7,723 



Amortization expense was $0.5 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $1.5 million for both the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, and was included in administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income.



14


 

Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

As of September 30, 2018, estimated future amortization expenses are as follows (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

1,654 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,609 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,609 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

666 

2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

475 

2024 and thereafter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

171 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

6,184 





(7)  Debt



Details of the Company’s debt as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were as follows (dollars in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



September 30, 2018

 

December 31, 2017

 

 



Outstanding

 

Average

 

Outstanding

 

Average

 

 



Current

 

Long-term

 

Interest

 

Current

 

Long-term

 

Interest

 

Maturity



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revolving credit

$

 -

 

$

146,000 

 

3.9%

 

$

 -

 

$

528,000 

 

3.2%

 

June 2023

Revolving credit facility - Rail

 

 -

 

 

306,000 

 

3.7%

 

 

 -

 

 

272,000 

 

3.2%

 

October 2020

Revolving credit facility - Euro

 

 -

 

 

19,733 

 

2.0%

 

 

 -

 

 

14,736 

 

2.0%

 

September 2020

Term loan

 

1,800 

 

 

27,750 

 

4.3%

 

 

21,900 

 

 

 -

 

3.4%

 

April 2023

Term loan

 

6,750 

 

 

107,250 

 

3.8%

 

 

9,000 

 

 

111,750 

 

3.1%

 

October 2019

Term loan

 

7,000 

 

 

77,250 

 

4.0%

 

 

7,000 

 

 

82,500 

 

3.3%

 

June 2021

Term loan

 

1,230 

 

 

15,598 

 

3.4%

 

 

1,198 

 

 

16,524 

 

3.4%

 

December 2020

Term loan

 

2,882 

 

 

41,388 

 

3.6%

 

 

2,805 

 

 

43,560 

 

3.6%

 

August 2021

Senior secured notes

 

6,110 

 

 

52,775 

 

4.9%

 

 

6,110 

 

 

58,885 

 

4.9%

 

September 2022

Asset-backed notes 2012-1

 

17,100 

 

 

52,725 

 

3.5%

 

 

17,100 

 

 

65,550 

 

3.5%

 

October 2027

Asset-backed notes 2013-1

 

22,900 

 

 

80,150 

 

3.4%

 

 

22,900 

 

 

97,325 

 

3.4%

 

March 2028

Asset-backed notes 2017-1

 

25,307 

 

 

196,129 

 

3.7%

 

 

25,307 

 

 

215,109 

 

3.7%

 

June 2042

Asset-backed notes 2018-1

 

34,890 

 

 

293,658 

 

4.0%

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

-

 

February 2043

Asset-backed notes 2018-2

 

34,350 

 

 

309,150 

 

4.4%

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

-

 

September 2043

Collateralized financing obligations

 

37,388 

 

 

65,717 

 

1.1%

 

 

22,549 

 

 

69,441 

 

1.2%

 

September 2021

Term loans held by VIE

 

1,914 

 

 

 -

 

3.0%

 

 

 -

 

 

3,286 

 

2.7%

 

June 2019



 

199,621 

 

 

1,791,273 

 

 

 

 

135,869 

 

 

1,578,666 

 

 

 

 

Debt issuance costs

 

(5,058)

 

 

(13,853)

 

 

 

 

(3,820)

 

 

(7,893)

 

 

 

 

Total Debt

$

194,563 

 

$

1,777,420 

 

 

 

$

132,049 

 

$

1,570,773 

 

 

 

 



The Company maintains its revolving credit facilities to finance the acquisition of rental equipment and for general working capital purposes. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had $1,157.2 million in total availability under its revolving credit facilities (net of $0.1 million in letters of credit) subject to the Company’s ability to meet the collateral requirements under the agreements governing the facilities. Based on the borrowing base and collateral requirements at September 30, 2018, the borrowing availability under the Company’s revolving credit facilities was $151.9 million, assuming no additional contributions of assets.



On February 28, 2018, CAL Funding III Limited (CAL Funding III), a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of CAI, issued $332.0 million of 4.0% Class A fixed rate asset-backed notes and $16.9 million of 4.8% Class B fixed rate asset-backed notes (collectively, the Series 2018-1 Asset-Backed Notes). Principal and interest on the Series 2018-1 Asset-Backed Notes is payable monthly commencing on March 26, 2018, with the Series 2018-1 Asset-Backed Notes maturing in February 2043. The proceeds were used for general corporate purposes, including repayment of debt by the Company.



On April 19, 2018, the Company entered into a $30.0 million five-year term loan agreement with a bank. The loan is payable in 19 quarterly installments of $0.5 million starting July 31, 2018 and a final payment of $21.5 million on April 30, 2023. The loan bears interest at a variable rate based on LIBOR.



15


 

Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

On June 27, 2018, the Company entered into an amendment to its Third Amended and Restated Revolving Credit Agreement, pursuant to which the Company’s senior revolving credit facility was amended to, among other things, increase the commitment level from $960 million to $1.1 billion with the ability to increase the revolving credit facility by an additional $250 million without lender approval, subject to certain conditions. The amendment also extended the maturity date of the revolving credit facility to June 26, 2023 and revised certain covenants, restrictions and events of default to provide the Company with additional flexibility, including an increase in the maximum total leverage ratio from 3.75:1.00 to 4.00:1.00, subject to certain conditions.



On September 19, 2018, CAL Funding III issued $331.5 million of 4.3% Class A fixed rate asset-backed notes and $12.0 million of 5.2% Class B fixed rate asset-backed notes (collectively, the Series 2018-2 Asset-Backed Notes). Principal and interest on the Series 2018-2 Asset-Backed Notes is payable monthly commencing on October 25, 2018, with the Series 2018-2 Asset-Backed Notes maturing on September 25, 2043. The proceeds were used for general corporate purposes, including repayment of debt.



On October 18, 2018, the Company entered into a $100.0 million five-year term loan agreement with a bank. The loan is payable in 20 quarterly installments of $1.5 million starting December 20, 2018 and a final payment of $70.0 million on October 18, 2023. The outstanding principal amounts under the loan bear interest at a fixed rate per annum of 4.6%.



On October 22, 2018, CAI Rail, Inc. (CAI Rail), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into a Third Amended and Restated Revolving Credit Agreement, pursuant to which CAI Rail’s revolving credit facility was amended to, among other things, (i) increase the commitment level from $500 million to $550 million, with the ability to increase the facility by an additional $150 million, subject to certain conditions, (ii) extend the maturity date from October 22, 2020 to October 23, 2023, and (iii) revise certain covenants, restrictions and events of default to provide the Company with additional flexibility, including an increase in the maximum total leverage ratio from 3.75:1.00 to 4.00:1.00, subject to certain conditions.



The agreements relating to all of the Company’s debt contain various financial and other covenants. As of September 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all of its financial and other covenants.



For further information on the Company’s debt instruments, see Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2018.

 

(8)  Stock–Based Compensation Plan



Stock Options



The Company may grant stock options from time to time to certain employees and independent directors pursuant to its 2007 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended (Plan). Under the Plan, a maximum of 3,421,980 share awards may be granted.



Stock options granted to employees have a vesting period of four years from the grant date, with 25% vesting after one year, and 1/48th vesting each month thereafter until fully vested. Stock options granted to independent directors vest in one year. All of the stock options have a contractual term of ten years.



The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,



 

2018

 

2017



 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

Weighted



 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

Average



 

Number of

 

Exercise

 

Number of

 

Exercise



 

Shares

 

Price

 

Shares

 

Price

Options outstanding at January 1

 

 

859,560 

 

$

16.44 

 

 

1,428,255 

 

$

16.31 

Options granted

 

 

 -

 

$

 -

 

 

230,500 

 

$

16.80 

Options exercised

 

 

(9,393)

 

$

14.76 

 

 

(240,173)

 

$

11.40 

Options outstanding at September 30

 

 

850,167 

 

$

16.46 

 

 

1,418,582 

 

$

17.22 

Options exercisable

 

 

625,263 

 

$

17.54 

 

 

975,087 

 

$

18.24 

Weighted average remaining term

 

 

6.0 years

 

 

 

 

 

5.0 years

 

 

 



16


 

Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $0.1 million and $2.2 million, respectively. The aggregate intrinsic value of all options outstanding as of September 30, 2018 was $5.7 million based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock of $22.87 per share on September 28, 2018, the last trading day of the quarter.



The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense relating to stock options of $0.2 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $1.0 million and $1.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. As of September 30, 2018, the remaining unamortized stock-based compensation cost relating to stock options granted to the Company’s employees and independent directors was approximately $1.5 million, which is to be recognized over the remaining weighted average vesting period of approximately 2.0 years.



The Company did not grant any stock options in the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The fair value of stock options granted to the Company’s employees and independent directors was estimated using the Black-Scholes-Merton pricing model using the following weighted average assumptions:







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Nine Months Ended



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30,



 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

Stock price

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 -

 

$

16.80 

Exercise price

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 -

 

$

16.80 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected term (years)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

5.50 - 6.25

Expected volatility (%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

56.40 - 57.50

Risk-free interest rate (%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

1.77 - 2.14

Dividend yield (%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -



The expected option term is calculated using the simplified method in accordance with SEC guidance. The expected volatility was derived from the average volatility of the Company’s common stock over a period approximating the expected term of the options. The risk-free rate is based on the daily U.S. Treasury yield curve with a term approximating the expected term of the options. No forfeiture rate was estimated on all options granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, as the Company accounts for forfeitures as they occur.



Restricted Stock and Performance Stock



The Company grants restricted stock, comprising restricted stock units and restricted stock awards, from time to time to certain employees and non-employee directors pursuant to the Plan. The Company recognizes the compensation cost associated with restricted stock over a specified award vesting period based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.



The Company grants performance stock to selected executives and other key employees. The performance stock vests at the end of a 3-year performance cycle if certain financial performance targets are met. The Company recognizes compensation cost associated with the performance stock ratably over the 3-year term based on the likelihood of performance targets being met. Compensation cost is based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.



The following table summarizes the activity of restricted stock and performance stock under the Plan:





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of

 

Grant Date



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

Fair Value

Outstanding at December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78,542 

 

$

14.92 

Granted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

154,165 

 

$

22.48 

Vested

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(29,982)

 

$

16.52 

Outstanding at September 30, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

202,725 

 

$

20.43 



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Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

The Company recognized $0.5 million and $0.1 million of stock-based compensation expense relating to restricted stock and performance stock awards for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $1.1 million and $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. As of September 30, 2018, unamortized stock-based compensation expense relating to restricted stock and performance stock was $3.2 million, which will be recognized over the remaining average vesting period of 2.4 years.



Stock-based compensation expense is recorded as a component of administrative expenses in the Company’s consolidated statements of income with a corresponding credit to additional paid-in capital in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.

 

(9)  Income Taxes



The consolidated income tax expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, was determined based upon estimates of the Company’s consolidated annual effective income tax rate for the years ending December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The difference between the consolidated annual effective income tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory rate is primarily attributable to foreign income taxes, state income taxes and the effect of certain permanent differences.



The Company’s estimated effective tax rate was 4.4% at September 30, 2018, compared to 1.5% at September 30, 2017.  



The Company accounts for uncertain tax positions based on an evaluation as to whether it is more likely than not that a position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of any related appeals or litigation processes. This evaluation is based on all available evidence and assumes that the appropriate tax authorities have full knowledge of all relevant information concerning the tax position. Once it has been determined that a tax position is more likely than not to be sustained on its technical merits, the tax benefit recognized is based on the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits of $0.3 million, which if recognized, would reduce the Company’s effective tax rate. Total accrued interest relating to unrecognized tax benefits was less than $0.1 million as of September 30, 2018. The Company does not believe the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits as of September 30, 2018 will change for the remainder of 2018.



The Company was notified on May 1, 2017 that its 2015 federal income tax return was selected for examination. The examination was concluded on June 20, 2018 with no impact to tax expense.

 

(10)  Fair Value of Financial Instruments 



The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the immediate or short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The Company’s asset-backed notes of $1,066.4 million, collateralized financing obligations of $103.1 million and fixed-rate term loans of $61.1 million as of September 30, 2018 were estimated to have a fair value of approximately $1,049.6 million, $104.7 million and $59.8 million, respectively, based on the fair value of estimated future payments calculated using prevailing interest rates. The fair value of these financial instruments would be categorized as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. Management believes that the balances of the Company’s revolving credit facilities of $471.7 million, variable-rate term loans of $227.8 million, senior secured notes of $58.9 million and term loans held by VIE of $1.9 million approximate their fair values as of September 30, 2018. The fair value of these financial instruments would be categorized as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

 

(11)  Commitments and Contingencies 



In addition to its debt obligations described in Note 7 above, the Company had commitments to purchase approximately $61.4 million of containers and $62.2 million of railcars as of September 30, 2018, all in the twelve months ending September 30, 2019. The Company also utilizes certain office facilities and equipment under long-term non-cancellable operating lease agreements with total future minimum lease payments of approximately $5.1 million as of September 30, 2018. 

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Table of Contents

CAI INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 

(12)  Stockholders’ Equity



Common Stock At-the-Market (ATM) Offering Program



In October 2017, the Company commenced an ATM offering program with respect to its common stock, which allows the Company to issue and sell up to 2.0 million shares of its common stock. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued 100,000 shares of common stock under the ATM offering program for net proceeds of $2.8 million. The Company paid commissions to the sales agent of $0.1 million in connection with the sales of common stock under this ATM offering program during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The net proceeds were used for general corporate purposes. The Company has remaining capacity to issue up to approximately 1.0 million of additional shares of common stock under this ATM offering program. The Company did not issue any shares under this ATM offering program during the three months ended September 30, 2018.



Series A Preferred Stock Underwritten Offering



In March 2018, the Company completed an underwritten public offering of 1,600,000 shares of its 8.5% Series A Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable Perpetual Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share and liquidation preference $25.00 per share (Series A Preferred Stock), resulting in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $38.3 million, after deducting the underwriting discount and other offering expenses. Dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock accrue daily and are cumulative from and including the date of original issuance and are payable quarterly in arrears on the 15th day of each April, July, October and January. Dividends accrue at the Fixed Dividend Rate (as defined in the certificate of designations for the Series A Preferred Stock (Series A Certificate of Designations)) at an annual rate of 8.5% of the $25.00 liquidation preference per annum from, and including, the date of original issuance to, but not including, April 15, 2023. On and after April 15, 2023, dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock shall accrue at an annual rate equal to the sum of (a) Three-Month LIBOR (as defined in the Series A Certificate of Designations) as calculated on each applicable date and (b) 5.82% of the $25.00 liquidation preference per share of Series A Preferred Stock.  The Series A Preferred Stock ranks senior to the Company’s common stock with respect to dividend rights and rights upon the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up.



The Series A Preferred Stock becomes redeemable by the Company beginning April 25, 2023 for cash at a redemption price of $25.00 per share of Series A Preferred Stock, plus accrued but unpaid dividends thereon to, but not including, the date fixed for redemption. In addition, upon the occurrence of a Change of Control (as defined in the Series A Certificate of Designations), subject to certain restrictions, the Company may, at its option, upon not less than thirty (30) days’ nor more than sixty (60) days’ written notice, redeem the Series A Preferred Stock, in whole or in part, within one hundred twenty (120) days after the first date on which such Change of Control occurred, for cash at a redemption price of $25.00 per share, plus any accumulated and unpaid dividends thereon to, but not including, the date fixed for redemption. There is no mandatory redemption of the Series A Preferred S